Two urban majors (Durg-Bhilainagar and Raipur) of Chhattisgarh state are more dangerous than even metros of the nation, as far as cognizable crimes are concerned. According to available figures, crime incidents in Durg-Bhilainagar (twin cities) and Raipur (capital) are less in comparison to other prominent cities of India, owing to its population (Durg-Bhilainagar 10.4 lakh and Raipur 11.2 lakh). But the rate of cognizable crimes in these cities is much higher than many big cities, including metropolitan cities of the country.
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2015 figures show that crime rate in Raipur and Durg-Bhilainagar is very high comparing to other cities of the nation. In forms of crimes, all these three cities of Chhattisgarh recorded a sharp growth in crime rates during 2014-2015. In fact, these cities have high crime rate than many metros or Tier-I cities such as Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata, Pune, Ahmadabad and Hyderabad. Last year (2015), with 5,625 incidents of different cognizable crimes, Durg-Bhilainagar recorded a crime rate of 528.7 per lakh population and with 5,368 incidences of crimes Raipur registered a crime rate of 478.2 per lakh population.
On the other hand, Bengaluru and Mumbai reported crime rate of 418.2 per lakh population and 233.2 per lakh population respectively during the same period. In the meanwhile, Hyderabad recorded a crime rate of 218.9 per lakh population and Kolkata 170.2 per lakh population. Similarly, Pune and Ahmadabad reported crime rate of 251.3 per lakh population and 303.9 per lakh population respectively. Many other Tier-II as well as important cities like Nagpur, Surat, Lucknow, Varanasi, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Faridabad and Ghaziabad have also lower rate of crime than Durg-Bhilainagar and Raipur. In rape cases, Raipur stood third (125) in the central part of the nation after Jabalpur (421) and Gwalior (350). In Durg-Bhilainagar, 84 cases of rape were reported in 2015.
Among Central Indian cities Raipur and Durg-Bhilainagar top in theft cases, with staggering figures of 1,109 and 653 cases respectively. But when it comes to incidents of murders, only 28 cases were reported in Durg-Bhilainagar and 40 cases reported in Raipur, way behind other cities of Central India, such as Jabalpur (210), Indore (156), Bhopal (130) and Nagpur (78). In kidnapping and abduction and death by negligence, these three major cities of Chhattisgarh recorded a sharp growth. In 2015, Durg-Bhilainagar registered 186 deaths owing to negligence and 205 kidnapping and abduction cases while Raipur recorded 192 cases of deaths owing to negligence and 219 kidnapping and abductions. In domestic violence too, Raipur reported 58 cases and Durg-Bhilainagar recorded 77 cases.
“However figures are less as due to less population than many metro cities, but high rate of crimes reflects that now these cities are no longer remain safe for its residents and it is the responsibility of both the administration as well as the police to take some immediate steps regarding it” said Dr Pramod Sharma, Sociologist and Head of Department in Pt Ravishankar Shukla University Raipur. “We are not surprised of these figures, as crime incidents and rate show a rise in these cities during past five years and also raises questions over the working system of the police” stated Nagendra Tripathi and Saroj Sharma, senior advocates.
*By Mandira Sinha
Views expressed in the Article are his personal.