It seems that people in Chhattisgarh, especially childless couples, are not interested in adopting children from Child Adoption Centres. As far as child adoption is concerned, the state is at the low ebb, in comparison to neighbouring states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Telangana. Chhattisgarh saw a decline in adoption of children and many districts did not even receive a single application for child adoption during last three years. However, adoption agencies and NGOs, while expressing their concern, blame modern technology like surrogacy for this state of affairs.
In the current fiscal year seven children were adopted, but none of them were by foreign nationals or Non Resident Indian (NRI). According to the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), the central agency of Union Ministry of Woman and Child Development, couples from Raipur, Durg, Rajnandgaon, Bilaspur and Korba districts only are showing some interest in adopting children. Whereas Bastar, Kanker, Janjgir-Champa, Mahasamund, Dhamtari, Sarguja, Jashpur and Koriya districts did not receive any application for adopting children during these years.
According to CARA Maharashtra has topped the states by adopting 159 kids domestically and 26 internationally. The national figure shows that 800 kids were adopted domestically and 102 by foreigners as well as NRIs in the current fiscal year. The CARA report says that last year 3,011 kids were adopted domestically and 666 were adopted internationally in the country. Here too, Chhattisgarh has a poor record than its neighbouring states. Only 46 children were adopted domestically and one child was adopted internationally during the year and the state stood 22nd in the country. Of these 46 adopted children, 40 were adopted by couples from Raipur, Durg, Bilaspur and Korba districts and the remaining by couples from other districts. Not a single case of adoption was reported from Janjgir-Champa, Sarguja, Mahasamund and Kanker districts since 2013. Similarly in Sarguja, Jashpur, Bastar and Dantewada districts too, the status of adoption of children is very dismal. While Maharashtra has topped the list of states, Karnataka, Telangana and Odisha stand at second, third and fourth positions respectively. Madhya Pradesh stands fifth, Uttar Pradesh at seventh and Jharkhand stood at eleventh position. While the domestic adoption has been on the decline, the inter-country adoptions went up, even though the recently amended guidelines seek to put Indian parents at an advantage. Domestic adoption has come down from 3,988 in 2014-15 to 3,011 in 2015-16.
Ratna Malakar, State Coordinator of CARA in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh said that awareness about adoption is very low in the districts of Chhattisgarh, hence less number of couples approach for adoption. Steps to promote child adoption need to be taken, he added. Meanwhile, State Minister for Woman and Child Development Ramsheela Sahu, while denying the report of decline in child adoption in Chhattisgarh, said that a number of couples have approach the department for adoption of children in many districts.