History of Football

Hungary's Ferenc Puskas (l) lashes a shot at goal as West Germany's Werner Liebrich (r) tries to block

The mania of football is pulsating throughout the globe. During world cup the global mass, submerge in the alcoholic intoxication of football. It is a sport, which has such power to enthrall the audience in its frenzy ambiance. Most modern versions of football are believed to have originated from England in the twelfth century. The said game became so popular in England that the kings of that time (Henry II and Henry IV) actually banned football.  Sports commonly called Football”  in certain places include: association football (known as Soccer in some countries); gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football); Australian  rules football; rugby football (either rugby league or rugby union); and Gaelic football.
Aspects of the game can even be traced back to as early as the second and third century BC in China. Sources taken from military manuals at the time describe an exercise called Tsu’ Chu, in which opponents used a leather ball filled with feathers and hair. The aim was to get the ball into a small net fixed on to bamboo canes while also defending themselves from attacks.


Nevertheless, football re-emerged and continued to multiply in fame, particularly amongst the working classes, who perceived the game as an occasion of their grievances and socialize with people from similar backgrounds. But these matches did not always end in a civilized manner; with limited rules and no referees at that time, the pitch often became violent. It is a matter of astonishment that in the then football, it was customary to beat or punch opposing team players including destroying their personal property and even, on occasion, their homes and businesses. Volumes of players also fluctuated in some circumstances to as many as 1000 people at a one time. Consequently, the matches were out of controlled.  Keeping such view of wildness in the game, a rule was enforced in 1800s that those who played football on highways would be required to pay a fine. Football became fashionable at public schools during 18th century. This provided the context for specific rules to be created for the game. There was a meeting at Cambridge pertaining to set up certain rules – outlining goal kicks, throw ins and goalies’ rights, all of which are still enforcing today. The very first match was held outside of Europe was Argentina in 1867, led by several Englishmen working abroad at the time. Though football was considered a male sport, it was not exclusively men oriented game; involvement of women in the game was recorded since the late nineteenth century.
It became increasingly plausible during World War I when women had taken on the jobs traditionally done by man. Industrial labour regularly met to play. A ladies team from Preston was one of the first to compete in an international game against Paris.  There was a brief ban after World War I made by the Football Association who deemed women’s football to be inappropriate. However, the formation of the English Women’s FA saw the ban eventually lifted in 1971. Since then women’s football has continued to grow in Britain and abroad. Some of the largest football clubs such as Arsenal, Everton and Chelsea all have female teams which compete at home and internationally. During the reign of British in India, the craze of football was at the pinnacle. Bengal was dominating the English in every tournament. Mohun Bagan, East Bengal and Mohmaddan Sporting Club defeated British and clinched the IFA trophy. The meet between Mohun Bagan and East Bengal in IFA Shield is still a history.

Mohun Bagan Club (Kolkata)

It was a golden period in the history of the club. In 1947 Mohun Bagan became the first Indian club to win the IFA Shield post independence. In 1954 the Green and Maroon (colour of the jersy) became the first ever club to acquire the double crown of Kolkata the IFA Shield and Calcutta Football League.

East Bengal Club (Kolkata)
The said club established on 1st August 1920 was christened East Bengal as the founders hailed from that region of Bengal. Incidentally Manmatha Nath Chaudhuri was the Maharaja of Santosh, now in Bangladesh, after whom the Santosh trophy is titled.

Mohamedan Sporting Club (Kolkata)
Mohammedan S.C. (Kolkata) , is not to be confused with Mohammedan Sporting is one of the most popular football clubs in India. The club was founded as ‘Jubilee Club’ in 1887 under the leadership of Nawab Aminul Islam. Then this name was changed into ‘Crescent Club’. Crescent club’s name again changed into ‘Hamida Club’. Finally this ‘Hamida Club’ came to be known as ‘Mohamedan Sporting Club’ in 1881.

Famous Footballers of the World
1. Lillian Thuram

One of the best defenders of all time from France, he is famous for his 2 goals in the 1998 World Cup  Semi Final against Croatia when France came from behind to win 2-1. France eventually won the world cup beating Brazil 3-0. At club level, he has played in ‘AS Monaco’, ‘Juventus’ and ‘FC Barcelona’.

2. Roberto Carlos
He has played for Spanish club ‘Madrid’ for eleven years, winning four leagues, three ‘UEFA Champions League trophies’, and two ‘Intercontinental Cups’. He is also one of only six players to have played more than one hundred matches in the Champions League. He is especially famous for a free kick against France on June 3, 1997, where he shot from 35m (110 ft) from the centre-right channel, and scored.

3. David Beckham

David Beckham is a leading English footballer whose popularity extends beyond the field and into international celebrity. Beckham was already a crowd-enticing star for Manchester United. He is popular for his free kick expertise and spectacular long-range shots while his right foot is the national treasure of England.

4. Ronaldo
A brilliant and fluid forward, Ronaldo became one of the international soccer’s great stars of the 1990s and Brazil’s stalwart soccer hero since Pele. Nicknamed “The Phenomenon” , the talented forward has played for Cruzerio, Eindhoven, Barcelona, Inter Milan, Real Madrid and AC Milan, amassing numerous records, cups and championships. An international superstar, Ronaldo has been on the Brazilian national team since 1994 and was part of World Cup –winning teams in 19987 and in 2002, when he was the tournament’s top scorer.

5. Messi

Messi progressed through the ranks and was given his first appearance in the 2004-2005 season becoming the youngest player to score a league goal. In 2006, Messi was part of the double winning team which won both La Liga (Spanish  League) and Champions League. By next season, 2006-2007 aged just 20, Messi was the first choice striker and a key part of the Barcelona team –scoring 14 goals in 26 league games.

6. Chuni Goswami

Subimal Goswami commonly known by his nickname Chuni Goswami is an Indian international footballer and first class cricketer. He was born on 15th January, 1938 in Kishoreganj District of undivided Bengal. As a striker, he played 50 international matches representing India. As a first class cricketer, he played Ranji Trophy for Bengal. Goswami joined the Mohun Bagan Junior Team in 1946 at the age of 8 years. He was a part of the Junior squad up to 1954 and then graduated to the Mohun Bagan senior team. He continued playing for Mohun Bagan till his retirement in 1968. During his stay with club, he captained the club in 5 seasons from 1960-1964.  Chuni  made his international debut for India in 1956 during the team’s 1-0 victory over the Chinese Olympic team. He went on to play for India in 50 international matches including in Olympics, Asian Games, Asia Cup and Merdeka Cup. He captained India to the Asian Games Gold Medal in 1962 and a Silver in the 1964 Asia Cup in Tel Aviv and in the Merdeka Cup. Chuni’s  special feature is that he was a first class cricketer. He was a Ranji player; during the 1962-63 season. He was a Right Handed Batsman and a Right Arm Medium Pacer. After retiring from football, Goswami fully focused on cricket. Run scored 1592, batting average 28.42, one century  and seven fifties. Wickets taken 47.

7. P.K. Banerjee

Pradip Kumar Banerjee (P.K.Banerjee) born on 15th October 1936. Place of birth Jalpaigudi. He studied in Jalpaigudi Zilla School and completed his schooling from K.M.P.M school in Jamshedpur. At the age of 15, Banerjee represented Bihar in Santosh Trophy, playing in the right wing. In 1954 he moved on to Kolkata and joined Aryan Club. Later he moved on to represent Eastern Railway. He made his debut for national team in the 1955 Quadrangular tournament in Dhaka, at the age of 19.
He was part of the national team that played at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. He captained India at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, where he scored an equalizer against France in a 1-1 draw. He represented India thrice at the Merdeka Cup in Kuala Lumpur, where India won silver medal in 1959 and 1964 and 1964 and bronze in 1965. He took retirement in 1967.

8. Baichung Bhutia

Baichung Bhutia is undeniably one of the most famous football players of India. He has a very good skill in shooting the football. That is why, the Sikkim-born striker is called Sikkimese Sniper. To get to know more about his skill in football, there can be mentioned I.M. vijayan’s quotation which described Bhutia as “God’s gift to Indian football. In 1999, he joined an English Club, Bury and became the first Indian footballer to sign a contract with a European club. Not only that but also he became the second Indian footballer to play professionally in Europe after Mohammed Salim. He also played for Malaysian football club, Perak FA, on a short loan basis. He has a good record for both club and national team. Appearing in 107 matches for India’s national football team, he made a record of 43 goals.



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