Modern world is passing through the narrow passage of cutthroat competition in which everyone is trying to set up one’s own identity by testifying one’s ability. Man has to pass through promising situations every now and then. Modern world is a forge shop, where talent, intelligence and good judgment are tempered to have a worthy brain, and as such, competitiveness has been galloping relentlessly. It is not only kitting its web in the arena of business and profession but also weaving the same in the field of education. Swami Vivekananda’s fostering proclamations, especially for youth, act as tonic that stimulates the power of curiosity.
The great monk’s citation, pertaining to the topic, persistently evokes the young-brain with competitiveness. Competitiveness is the stepping-stone for success. It should be imbibed in by dint of inculcating the virtue of self-realization of one’s acumen, which has already been endowed head and heart. Such trait of mind assists an individual to break off the captivity of shyness. The cluster of psychologists stated their views in such a way where they have stressed on competitiveness as the part and parcel of human life so that one can emerge out of all sorts of hindrances with zeal and confidence. It is an important aspect on part of teachers how to develop the level of competitiveness amongst children. It is better starting from kindergarten. Edu-cation is a process for development and improvement of the power of thinking. For better thinking process, the teacher should try to present very clear and sufficient knowledge to the students. He has also very important responsibility of motivating them, as without it the level of thinking will not be developed.
Competitiveness cannot be developed unless activeness on the part of learner is cultivated. Trial and error method for getting solution, recalling the previously observed ideas, linking them with situation and collection of ideas and above all the presence of problem help pupil to substantiate his ideas aboveboard. The teacher should also emphasize on general rules of logic and the language development according to the age and level of the intellectual. Language development plays a pivotal role in the field of personality development that helps to elevate the level of confidence, which boosts up the student to face such challenge. Keeping the view of competitive examinations in mind, teachers should design the classroom reading with various concepts of high order thinking so that the students may develop their logical power that is the utmost form of thinking because it revitalizes inquisitiveness of the students.
Reasoning and problem solving are not different from thinking. That method of thinking needs sharpness, and by dint of employing general principles, an individual can easily access into the conclusion. According to Gates –”Reasoning is productive thinking in which previous experience is organized or combined in new ways, to solve a problem.” Reasoning starts with awareness of the problem or felt difficulty. The difficulty or problem may be theoretical or practical. The more the individual is aware of the problem, the greater will be the zeal with which he will reason to find its solution.
The popularity of competitive examination has been hovering over the younger generation. On the very day of any competitive examination, one can easily witness the very scene how frantically the surging wave of the youth rush into the examination hall with a burning desire to envisage their dream into reality. Optimistic bent of mind should be cultivated during preparation of any competitive examinations. Unless one should be optimistic, decision-making is quite impossible. Thinking is the core aspect of human life. Positive thinking leads an individual to the path of success; on the contrary, negative one takes to the way of dissolution. Therefore, one should nurture the virtue of positivity since childhood. Teacher should impart his teaching by means of ‘Motivation’ as it is one of the features that empower optimism in students. It will not be out of place if it is stated how the power of thinking can be developed amongst students. Psychologists stated a few tools for the rapid development of thinking. According to them, the five important tools are – percept, images, concepts, symbols, formula. Percept stimulates thinking while images flash on the mind involuntarily. Concepts extend the limits of thinking to include both the past and the future. Symbols and formula help us in having economic thinking (save time and energy).
For development of thinking, the teacher should widen the sense of responsibility in the students, along with the tendency to discuss. Discussion enhances thinking. Conceptual thinking needs clear concepts. Concepts are formed with the help of observation, analysis, comparison, classification, and mental unification. Mental assessment is the quintessential accept of testifying one’s power of reasoning. As far as competitive examinations are concerned, self-confidence is the core objective. The teacher should cultivate the latent acumen of every student, when he is mere bud, in such way so that he can face the situation with competitive bent of mind. The process of reasoning needs awareness of the problem, locate and define difficulty, collection of data, formulation of hypothesis, application of hypothesis and above all evaluation of hypothesis or verification. One should determine whether the conclusion completely satisfies the demands of the problem or not. One should find out whether the solution is consistent with other facts and principles, which have been established.
Swami Vivekananda asserts that faith in oneself empowers zeal of performing any invincible task with confidence. He held faith in one’s potential divinity as the sheet anchor of personality development. Faith in God comes next only to faith in oneself. The great monk disapproves weakness in human beings. Attitude towards failures and mistakes should not be considered as negative because failures and mistakes pave one’s way to success. Trial and error method makes an individual perfect. Vivekananda advocates upholding the ideal once again even if a person failed a thousand times. He appreciates committing mistakes and learning from them rather than leading an inert existence like a wall, which cannot even tell a lie.
Every individual should be free from fear. Self-confidence is the vital feature of success. Students should observe the teachings of his master or teacher whose experience is venerable. Competition is the indispensable part of life. Therefore, practice with diligence would make one’s way of fearless thoroughfare for success. Keep deep faith in God and that would revitalize one’s power of acumen. It is essential for teachers to create classroom-teaching more effective to uplift the level of self-confidence among students. The task ought to be taken under consideration from lower kindergarten group, so that children may tune themselves with the practical world of competition.
*Devashish Mukherjee is faculty member at Shakuntala vidyalaya